- Oxygen (65%)
- Carbon (18%)
- Hydrogen (10%)
- Nitrogen (3%)
- Calcium (1.5%)
- Phosphorus (1.0%)
- Potassium (0.35%)
- Sulfur (0.25%)
- Sodium (0.15%)
- Magnesium (0.05%)
- Copper, Zinc, Selenium, Molybdenum, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine, Manganese, Cobalt, Iron (0.70%)
- Lithium, Strontium, Aluminum, Silicon, Lead, Vanadium, Arsenic, Bromine (trace amounts)
If we take an individual weighing 70 kg the elements would breakdown as follows:First figure is for the mass of the element, second is the volume of the purified element, and lastly the size of one side of a cube of the element.
- oxygen 43 kg 37 L 33.5 cm
- carbon 16 kg 7.08 L 19.2 cm
- hydrogen 7 kg 98.6 L 46.2 cm
- nitrogen 1.8 kg 2.05 L 12.7 cm
- calcium 1.0 kg 645 mL 8.64 cm
- phosphorus 780 g 429 mL 7.54 cm
- potassium 140 g 162 mL 5.46 cm
- sulfur 140 g 67.6 mL 4.07 cm
- sodium 100 g 103 mL 4.69 cm
- chlorine 95 g 63 mL 3.98 cm
- magnesium 19 g 10.9 mL 2.22 cm
- iron 4.2 g 0.53 mL 8.1 mm
- fluorine 2.6 g 1.72 mL 1.20 cm
- zinc 2.3 g 0.32 mL 6.9 mm
- silicon 1.0 g 0.43 mL 7.5 mm
- rubidium 0.68 g 0.44 mL 7.6 mm
- strontium 0.32 g 0.13 mL 5.0 mm
- bromine 0.26 g 64.2 µL 4.0 mm
- lead 0.12 g 10.6 µL 2.2 mm
- copper 72 mg 8.04 µL 2.0 mm
- aluminum 60 mg 22 µL 2.8 mm
- cadmium 50 mg 5.78 µL 1.8 mm
- cerium 40 mg 4.85 µL 1.7 mm
- barium 22 mg 6.12 µL 1.8 mm
- iodine 20 mg 4.06 µL 1.6 mm
- tin 20 mg 3.48 µL 1.5 mm
- titanium 20 mg 4.41 µL 1.6 mm
- boron 18 mg 7.69 µL 2.0 mm
- nickel 15 mg 1.69 µL 1.2 mm
- selenium 15 mg 3.13 µL 1.5 mm
- chromium 14 mg 1.95 µL 1.3 mm
- manganese 12 mg 1.61 µL 1.2 mm
- arsenic 7 mg 1.21 µL 1.1 mm
- lithium 7 mg 13.1 µL 2.4 mm
- cesium 6 mg 3.2 µL 1.5 mm
- mercury 6 mg 0.44 µL 0.8 mm
- germanium 5 mg 0.94 µL 1.0 mm
- molybdenum 5 mg 0.49 µL 0.8 mm
- cobalt 3 mg 0.34 µL 0.7 mm
- antimony 2 mg 0.30 µL 0.7 mm
- silver 2 mg 0.19 µL 0.6 mm
- niobium 1.5 mg 0.18 µL 0.6 mm
- zirconium 1 mg 0.15 µL 0.54 mm
- lanthanium 0.8 mg 0.13 µL 0.51 mm
- gallium 0.7 mg 0.12 µL 0.49 mm
- tellurium 0.7 mg 0.11 µL 0.48 mm
- yttrium 0.6 mg 0.13 µL 0.51 mm
- bismuth 0.5 mg 51 nL 0.37 mm
- thallium 0.5 mg 42 nL 0.35 mm
- indium 0.4 mg 55 nL 0.38 mm
- gold 0.2 mg 10 nL 0.22 mm
- scandium 0.2 mg 67 nL 0.41 mm
- tantalum 0.2 mg 12 nL 0.23 mm
- vanadium 0.11 mg 18 nL 0.26 mm
- thorium 0.1 mg 8.5 nL 0.20 mm
- uranium 0.1 mg 5.3 nL 0.17 mm
- samarium 50 µg 6.7 nL 0.19 mm
- beryllium 36 µg 20 nL 0.27 mm
- tungsten 20 µg 1.0 nL 0.10 mm
The 43 kilograms of oxygen are mostly a component of water, which as previously mentioned makes up between 65-90% of our total body weight. Oxygen is an integral component of the proteins, nucleic acids (DNA and RNA), carbohydrates, and fats.
We all know (hopefully) that oxygen is absorbed by the blood stream in the lungs, and then transported to the cells where an exchange process takes place. Having suffered my lung infarction earlier this year after Achilles Surgery I certainly realise how important this exchange is.
Oxygen is vital to the breathing processes, but for most of us this is where we think it end. However, oxygen plays an important role in energy metabolism.
Our bodies undergo tremendous biochemical activity called metabolism on a daily basis without us even noticing. All we ever associate metabolism with is when people think they have unlucky genetics and are plagued by a "low" metabolism.
Chemical and physical changes occur in the human body on a continual basis. New tissue is formed, old tissue is replaced, food is converted into energy, waste materials are disposed of. Its a non stop job which is why it amazes me to find that people assume they don't use energy at night. We are continually reproducing ourselves, utilizing the food we consume to create ourselves over and ov- all the activities that we characterize as "life."
- Oxygen is essential for cellular respiration, it diffuses through the membranes into the red blood cells after inhalation into the lungs.
- Hemoglobin which contains an iron binds oxygen when it is present, changing haemoglobin’s color from bluish red to bright red.
- The blood is distributed to body tissue in need of oxygen, which is passed to an enzyme (monooxygenase) that has an active site with an atom of iron.
- The enzyme uses oxygen to catalyze many of the oxidation reactions in the body (woo its metabolism).
- Carbon dioxide is the waste product that is released from the cell and into the blood. It combines with bicarbonate and hemoglobin for transpiration back to the lungs.
- And repeat many many times in your lifetime.
Some of the waste from our cells is watery and can filter through the liver and the kidneys to get the end product "urine." You wonder why I'm always so interested in urine :)
Waste also comes in the form of vapor that ladies know as perspiration and men call sweat.
Part of the waste needs to be burnt via oxidation, this means combining with oxygen!! Interesting that we need to combine oxygen to get this process.
Oxygen is taken from the lungs to the deepest, most extreme parts of our body to oxidize waste materials that could poison our cells. Oxidizing them makes them almost harmless.
Oxygen supports life. It "oxidizes" our food to create energy and heat, yet we feed ourselves junk and fail to understand the very nature of what we need to consume to keep the balanced and avoid disease. The human body is a perfectly designed and coordinated system that always works to keep in balance.
Without adequate food supply (quality or quantity), our body begins to struggle and the pace at which we degenerate speeds up. I'm forever telling people to eat more and over the years have been accused of being radical in my methods. However, my main aim with every client is to first support the body and metabolism (life) by ensuring adequate supply of energy. Then I set about getting the system working correctly. I've used Metabolic Typing over the past 8 years and frequently get people that test as a Protein type. The fact that they can't tolerate (or think they can't) carbohydrate is of little significance initially. I begin by having them eat as a Protein type and once I have them eating adequate quantity and quality I set about restoring proper function to get them into a position where literally any food supports them.
Think in terms of starvation that many people undergo on diets, the brain represents just 2% of the human body weight yet it receives 15% of our cardiac output, 20% of our total body oxygen consumption, and 25% of total body glucose we use.
To just survive the brain uses 0.1 calories per minute. The relatively simple act of solving a puzzle can increase this to 1.5 calories per minute. I've lost count of the business men that I've had to explain their massive energy requirements to. All caused by the massive brain power used during meetings, social interaction etc. I call them brain athletes. We've all come out of a meeting drained of energy haven't we...
Starving the brain of oxygen or glucose isn't a clever idea. After about nine minutes of no oxygen you can kiss your brain good-bye. The same effect happens if you starve the brain of glucose.
The body consists of close to 100 trillion cells. Each is part of an organ system designed to perform essential life functions. Knowing what the human body is composed of allows us to understand the food required to build and keep the body in a healthy condition.
Importantly though of the biologically relevant organic compounds, carbohydrates contain the largest proportion by mass of oxygen.
"There is no life without chemistry, but there is chemistry without life."
Reference: H. A. Harper, V. W. Rodwell, P. A. Mayes, Review of Physiological Chemistry, 16th ed., Lange Medical Publications, Los Altos, California 1977.